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Genetic eye diseases

Genetic eye diseases are transmitted from parents to children by their genetic inheritance. Although there are no global statistics about the extent of visual impairment from genetic causes, genetic eye diseases represent a significant percentage of the causes of blindness in high-income countries.


The only current means of prevention of genetic eye conditions is genetic counselling. Treatment of genetic eye disorders is largely experimental, except for surgeries on the cornea, lens and vitreous. The best hopes for treatment, however, lie in the use of gene therapy, growth promotion therapies for degenerative diseases, and possibly the grafting of retinal cells.