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Marrakesh Treaty Ratification and Implementation Campaign

Reading is a human right, but currently not all people can access books or other reading materials. Over 90% of all published materials cannot be read by blind or print-disabled people, leading to a "book famine". We need to be able to reproduce published materials into accessible formats, such as Braille, large print, and audio editions, to address the book famine, however, current copyright rules within most countries prevents this. Working with WIPO, the WBU led the international campaign to develop the Marrakesh Treaty that would address this book famine (official treaty name: the Marrakes​h Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities). The Marrakesh treaty was signed in Morocco on 28 June 2013. To date, it has been ratified by these countries: India, El Salvador, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Mali, Paraguay, Singapore, Argentina, Mexico, Mongolia, the Republic of Korea, Australia, Brazil, Perú, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Israel and Chile. It has been signed by over 6​0 countries as well (refer to map).  

MT Map - May 11-15 - EN.png

More than 90% fo all published material is not accessible to the blind or partially sighted. We need to be able to produce these materials in accessible formats, such as Braille, large print or audio editions, but the current copyright rules do not allow this.  This limits the number of books to which blind students can have access to further their studies and training WBU has led the international campaign in partnership with WIPO to achieve the development of the Marrakesh Treaty and put an end to the current thirst for books. This treaty is also available to read or download from our Resources section or from the WIPO website:

Once the Marrakesh Treaty is ratified by 20 countries, it will come into force and allow for an increase of materials in accessible formats through cross-border sharing and the increased production of books in more countries.  The push is on in 2016 to get countries around the world to ratify the treaty for it to come into force and speed up the availability of accessible books everywhere. 

We are also a part of the Accessible Books Consortium. Follow this link to their website to learn more about how they will help countries and organizations implement the Marrakesh Treaty, once it comes into force: ​ 

Useful links and resources on the Marrakesh Treaty:

This document summarizes the Treaty: The Treaty of Marrakesh WBU explanation July 2013.docThe Treaty of Marrakesh WBU explanation July 2013.doc  Under our Resources section we have a page labelled WIPO Marrakesh Treaty, where the full wording of the treaty is posted: s and it can be downloaded as a Word doc or a PDF. We have also prepared a FAQ sheet on the Marrakesh Treaty: MARRAKESH TREATY for Blind -WBU FAQ sheet -work in progress - Mar 2016.docMarrakesh Treaty - WBU FAQ sheet
WBU Asia-Paciifc and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Bangkok Regional Hub have produced a report titled `Our Right to Knowledge: Legal Reviews for the Ratification of the Marrakesh Treaty for persons with print disabilities in Asia and the Pacific.` You can dowload it here: UNDP and WBU-AP report on Marrakesh Treaty.docx.docUNDP and WBU-AP report on Marrakesh Treaty.doc

WBU Past President Maryanne Diamond did a TED talk in Geneva on the Right to Read and the Marrakesh Treaty, which is available on YouTube:

A video (in Italian) produced by our Italian member, the Italian Union of the Blind and Partially Sighted, explains the Marrakesh Treaty process and why the treaty is so important for blind people. The video was made possible thanks to a grant from the Open Society Institute Foundation. Here is the link:​ 

You can also download and print our WBU Marrakesh Treaty bookmark:WBU Marrakesh bookmark ENG.pdfWBU Marrakesh Bookmark pdf 
How you can help? 

The countries that have signed on to the treaty are listed on the WIPO page: If your country is listed that is great news, however; they still need to ratify the treaty into law for the conditions of the treaty to apply in your country.  
If your country has not signed or ratified the treaty, ask your government representatives why they are not supporting your Right to Read.  We have created a letter that others can use to encourage their government to ratify the treaty: WBU LETTER TO ALL GOVERNMENTS.docxWBU LETTER TO ALL GOVERNMENTS.docx
You can also speak to your government representative, member of parliament, or congress about the book famine and how it affects your ability to enjoy literary works. When one is denied the ability to read, one is cut off from their own culture. Let us know of the work you are doing in your country in your efforts to advance accessibility and gain greater access to books and literature in braille, large print or audio.  Follow our progress on Twitter: @blindunion #MarrakeshTreaty. 

The Right to Read Campaign Chair is WBU's Immediate Past President, Maryanne Diamond. She can be contacted via email - . Listed below are the names and contact information for each regional coordinator: ​

North America and the Caribbean: Scott LaBarre -
Latin America: Pablo Lecuona -
Europe: Bárbara Martín Muñoz -​ 
Asia and the Middle East: Alissar Abdulbaqi -​​
Asia-Pacific: Neil Jarvis -
Africa: Jace Nair - 

Please feel to contact anyone from the Right to Read team if you need help reaching out to your government in order to begin the process working towards ratifying the Marrakesh Treaty in your own country.​​​

The Marrakesh Treaty Ratification and Implementation Campaign is supported (in part) by a grant from the Open Society Foundations.